The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and Cottrell Contracting began dredging the Norfolk Harbor Inner Channel and channel to Newport News in late December.
The Norfolk District is managing the operations and maintenance project as part of an effort to remove shoaling, and expects the project to take five months to complete.
The $10.4 million contract, awarded in August to the Chesapeake-based company, permits the dredging of 1.1 million cubic yards of sediment from the federal channel. Cottrell is pumping material by pipeline to Craney Island Dredged Material Management Area in Portsmouth.
Steve Powell, Norfolk District project manager, said Cottrell is dredging to a depth of 52 feet below mean lower low water, a formula based on the lowest tide’s average height measured over a 19-year period.
“This dredging depth ensures that as the channel shoals in between maintenance cycles, the shoals will still be below 50 feet,” he said.
Maintenance dredging is required every 12 to 15 months in Norfolk Harbor Channel and every three to four years in the channel to Newport News. Without it, the high rate of shoaling would severely restrict vessel movement within the port.